green in our highly urbanised cities. It is for this reason that we so often wish that developers and local councils would make more space for green oases in city centres or incorporate some principles of green infrastructure in our cities. These are certainly some very big ways through which we can make our urban landscapes not only look better, but also transform them into a better home for a lot of our biodiversity.
But there are a great many other ways in which we can help increase biodiversity in urban landscapes. Here are some ideas which we can all try.
Set up an allotment or a community garden
One of the greatest crises of our century is the decreasing numbers of pollinators such as bees on who we all depend on for growing most of our plants and crops. By utilising available community spaces and creating city gardens where different fruit, vegetables, flowers and herbs are grown you will be giving pollinators a much needed source of food and shelter¹. You will also be generating some source of food which can go a long way to supporting poorer communities in your areas. Growing food and taking care of plants is also a pleasant and rewarding pastime for people of all ages!
Green your building
Our buildings don’t need to be just made of concrete or glass. We can now add some green to them by investing in green roofs or walls. A green roof is a building roof that is covered in part or its entirety by vegetation; the roof is protected by layers of membrane between its core structure and the growing medium². A green roof not only looks appealing from afar but it can also be a quiet and restful place to escape to in the middle of the day. Similarly, green walls use the same principles are green roofs so that buildings can have green walls on their exterior. A much simpler approach particularly for the outer wall of a yard for example can involve the use densely planted bushes and trees to form an outer wall rather than using a fence or other structure. If you cannot change your building’s wall or roof, you can always try and green your balcony by adding different plants and flowers there.
Make your place species-friendly
There are a great many small ways in which you can attract biodiversity. If you have a small back garden, different species will feel more welcomed if you can use organic fertilisers rather than chemical-based solutions. You can also choose to plant native plants, flowers and trees to support local biodiversity. What is more, you can also add a birdfeeder and therefore attract a variety of birds. Your small garden will be buzzing with life in no time!
The same can be done in other areas. For example, school gardens or playgrounds are often barren of any green. By liaising with the appropriate people, you can make these spaces more green which is both better for biodiversity as well as the children who will come to meet a lot of it in their place of play.