If you are familiar with organic agriculture, you must know that compost is considered to be the optimal type of fertilizer. By adding different types of enriching elements you can make compost a universal fertilizer, which will have all the necessary ingredients for successful plant growth. Compost does a great job keeping all these elements intact for a very long time. It stays in the upper earth layer, where the roots can use it for nutrition as needed. At the same time, compost turns into a certain microflora concentration that allows revitalizing the soil and increasing its biological activity. In order for the compost to give you its best, you must know the proper way to use it. Here are 5 tips to help you apply compost most efficiently:
Compost should not be placed into the soil deeper than about 8 – 10cm (4 -5 inches). It should be high enough for the air to come through. Most of the roots exist at this level and the microflora is most active. Compost can’t be left on the surface, where it will dry out and lose its biological activity. It can’t be placed too deep, where there is not enough air compulsory for the activity of the microflora.
Crude (not fully ripened) compost should be applied to the soil in the autumn or early spring, but not later than one month before planting. This way it will have time to reach the perfect ripe condition before its qualities become needed. If you are planting fruit trees, compost application is recommended in the autumn.
The right compost dosage is very hard to pinpoint. The good part is that it’s impossible to overdo it. The more you apply, the better. All will depend on the soil type and the plants’ needs. An experienced gardener can tell how much compost the plant needs just by looking at it. If the upper layer of clay soil swells up after rain and falls apart during dry periods or if it’s light or red brown, it is lacking compost. Compost must be applied on a yearly basis. If you delay the process or skip it, the soil will soon become much less fertile, which will be obvious to the eye.
Ripened compost is considered to be a very valuable fertilizer. It is a “ready to use” food for plants. That’s why it is applied in the spring period, right before the planting process. The compost should be inserted into special planting pits or seed furrows. Placing compost into furrows is especially recommended when planting potatoes.
- Nutrient Solution
Compost can be used to create a bio-revitalizing solution. The compost is mixed with water at the 1:3. The mix is left for 24 – 48 hours. Afterward, the solution must be diluted with water until it becomes light brown and it is ready to use!
When you start using compost to cultivate your plants, you will immediately see the difference. Such plants will be much more resistant to diseases and pests. Compost will allow you to avoid toxic chemicals.