more serious, the causes being behind it are numerous. Read on to discover the most significant ones:
- Climate change and extreme weather events
- Political corruption and instability
- Loss of ancestral land and the loss of natural local plant varieties
In addition, a form of “biopiracy” is going on today, where components of traditional plant varieties are being patented, and indigenous people groups are no longer allowed to grow their own local plants[sc:4].
- Armed conflicts and war
- Agricultural problems
- Dependence upon cash crops
- High population growth
Some possible solutions
While it is true that the food insecurity problems in Africa are complex and will not all be solved overnight, there has been some progress made on this important issue.
In Lesotho, people have been building raised keyhole bed gardens to grow food for their families and schools, and the gardens collect rainwater and use compost, which allow local communities to work around drought and fertility problems of local soils.
Moringa trees are now being grown in many areas of Africa to provide lifesaving nutrition and plant medicine to people in areas where other crops do not easily grow. The Baobab tree is also being planted in Africa for the same purpose.
Permaculture projects are currently being planned and implemented in Africa to combat hunger and restore degraded lands.